Difference between revisions of "Archiving"

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During the transformation, the XML archive will be unpacked temporarily. This requires some disk space, which wasn't available in this case.
During the transformation, the XML archive will be unpacked temporarily. This requires some disk space, which wasn't available in this case.
== Automating Archiving ==

Revision as of 16:41, 2 October 2012

This page describes the archiving features in version 3.2 or later. If you're using version 3.0 or 3.1, please read the version 3.0/3.1 page.

With the archiving feature, you can create archive files that store all data published by your BioCASe web service. That might be handy if your database stores a huge number of records (several hundred thousands or even millions) and the traditional harvesting approach of paging through the records published by the web service takes unacceptably long. Once stored in an archive, this file can be downloaded from your web server or sent to the harvester via email and ingested much faster.

There are two types of archives: XML Archives simply store the records as compressed XML documents, each holding a customizable number of records. If your web service publishes 500,000 records by using the ABCD data schema, for example, an ABCD Archive created for that service could hold 500 ABCD documents, each storing 1,000 records. For each schema supported by a BioCASe web service, a separate XML Archive can be created. You can download a sample ABCD Archive here: File:AlgenEngelsSmall ABCD 2.06.zip.

DarwinCore Archives (DwCAs), in contrast, consist of one or several text files storing the core records and related information, zipped up together with a descriptor file and a metadata document. Similar to a BioCASe web service, DwCAs can be used to publish data to the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). A detailed specification can be found on the TDWG site, a sample archive here: File:Desmidiaceae Engels.zip.

The BioCASe Provider Software can create XML archives for each schema supported by a web service. Information published by web services using the the ABCD 2.06 or HISPID 5 schema (dubbed as “ABCD/HISPID dumps”) can also be stored in one or several DarwinCore Archives. This is due to the fact that one BioCASe web service can publish several datasets, and a DarwinCore Archive can only store a single dataset. Unsurprisingly, DwCAs make use of the DarwinCore data standard, which is flat and less complex than ABCD. Consequently, a DarwinCore Archive will store less information than an ABCD dump for a given web service.

XML Archives

Once you’ve finished mapping a schema (see ABCD2Mapping to learn how to map ABCD, for example) and tested the resulting web service, you can create an XML Archive for that web service. To go to the archiving page, simply use the Archive link on the overview page of the datasource setup. If you haven’t mapped a schema, you won’t be able to create any archives. Before archiving, you should always make sure the web service returns correct results by using the QueryForms.


Creating an Archive

In the box “Existing Archives” you will see a list of already existing XML and DwC archives. If you go to the archiving page for the first time, it will be empty. Once you’ve created archives, they will show up here and can be downloaded and removed by using the links next to the entries.

Create XML Archive allows you to create a new XML archive for each schema mapped. Simply select the schema and press Create Archive (leave the defaults unless you have a good reason to change them). During the archiving process, the Log will display messages indicating the progress:


You can always cancel the archiving process by pressing Cancel next to the name of the archive being currently processed. However, it will take some time for the cancelling to show effect, namely until the current paging step has been completed. Depending upon the paging size set and the speed of your server, this can be up to one minute.

As the archiving progresses, the first lines of the log will drop out of view. Pressing Show full log will open the full log in a separate browser tab. You can navigate away from the archiving page during the process (or simply close it) and return later. Once finished, the dump will show up in the XML list, or, if it’s still being processed, as processing. The links Log, Dwnld and Rem next to an existing archive will display the log, download or remove the file from the server. If the process failed for some reason (or you decided to cancel it), a new section Logs of aborted/failed runs will be displayed with a link for displaying the log file. This will allow you to find out what caused the abortion.

For a given web service, you can only create one archive at a time. Even though you can start archiving for several web services of your BioCASe installation in parallel, it is not a good idea. The archiving process will put heavy load on your servers – both the database server for data retrieval and the BioCASe server for creating the XML documents. So it is advisable to create just one archive at a time in order to allow both servers to respond to other requests.

Customizing the Archive

There are four parameters for customizing the archiving process:

Destination schema: Data schema that will be used for storing the published records in the archive.

Paging size: Number of records stored in each document. The default 1,000 should be suitable for most cases. Be aware that a BioCASe web service can restrict the number of records per request - if that limit is below the paging size set for archiving, the paging size will be adjusted automatically after the first packet of records was received from the web service.

Max number of consecutive errors: The default for this is “1”. That means that if an error occurs during data retrieval or XML/archive creation, the archiving process will be aborted. If you set this to a value larger than 1, the process will be cancelled after this number of errors. This allows you to complete the archiving in spite of errors, view the log file afterwards and have a look at the problematic records. Once you’ve corrected all errors breaking the dump, you should set the threshold to 1 and redo the archiving to create an archive storing all records.

Archive file name: Name of the archive file to be created. The default will be constructed by concatenating web service name and data schema.

DarwinCore Archives

For web services that use the ABCD 2.06 or HISPID 5 schema, all information published by the web service can be stored in DarwinCore Archives. The DarwinCore data standard is less complex than ABCD, so in most cases the DarwinCore Archive will not store all information published by the web service. Since one BioCASe web service can publish several datasets and a DarwinCore Archive can only store a single dataset, DwC-archiving a web service might result in several DarwinCore Archives.

DarwinCore archives are not created directly, but from the respective ABCD archive. So DwC-archiving a web service will usually first create an ACBD archive, which will then be converted into the respective DwC archive (alternatively, you can choose to convert an already existing ABCD archive into DwC).


The conversion of ABCD into DwC is done through the Java-based Kettle library. Therefore, you need to have a Java Runtime Environment (version 1.5 or later) installed. You can check this on the libary test page under Optional external binaries:


If you don't have one, you can get it here. Important: If you're running BioCASe on a 64bit machine, make sure to get a 64bit Java, since this will boost performance considerably.

Once Java is installed, go to the System Administration (Start > Config Tool > System Administration) to check and adapt the conversion settings to your environment:


Java binary: If you're sure Java is installed, but the test lib page shows not installed, please provide the full path to the Java binary (for example /usr/local/jdk1.6.0/bin/java). If you have several Java versions installed (for example 32bit and 64bit versions), make sure to point to the correct (preferrably 64bit) version.

Max memory usage for Java VM (MB): This is the maximum amount of heap memory Java will be allowed to use (in MB). The default of 1024 will be sufficient for small datasets (up to 100,000 records). For medium-sized datasets (up to 1m records), you should set this value 2048. For large datasets with millions of records, a value of 4096 is recommended. If your server has enough free memory, you should be generous with this limit - larger values speed up the transformation process on most machines. However, you should make sure to leave enough memory for other required applications on your server.

Sort buffer size for transformation (number of rows): This is the number of rows kept in memory during sorting steps. The default of 100,000 should be OK for most purposes. If you run into memory problems and cannot increase the memory usage, you can lower this value to 50,000 or even 10,000 (do not enter thousands separators into the box). Even lower values will result in heavy disk usage and poor performance.

Creating an Archive

DwC archives can only be created for web services that support either ABCD 2.06 or HISPID 5. For all other schemas, the button Create DwC Archive will be disabled. Creating a DwC archive will always create an ABCD archive first, which will then be transformed into DwC. So any existing ABCD archive will be overwritten with an updated version, and any existing DwC archives will be replaced by new versions.

To start the archiving process, make sure ABCD 2.06 is selected as destination schema (or HISPID 5, if you're using that) and press Create DwC Archive. This will start the XML archiving process and, once that is successfully finished, the DwC archive transformation. If you've already created an XML archive manually, you can skip the XML archiving and convert this file directly by clicking the DwC link next to the file name listed under Existing XML Archives. The XML archiving step and its parameters are described in detail in the XML Archiving section above.

During the DwC transformation, the log will display the progress and look similar to this:


You can cancel the transformation process by clicking the Cancel link next to processing in the Existing archives box. When you do this, BioCASe will try to terminate the process. Depending on the operating system and machine characteristics, this can take some time. Please be patient and wait for the message Process terminated to appear in the status box.

During the process, the first lines of the log output will drop out of view. You can use the Show full log link to open the full log in a separate browser tab. During the conversion process, you can navigate away from the page or close it. When you return and the conversion is still running, you will see the current log output again. If the conversion failed or was cancelled, the log can be viewed from that Logs of aborted/failed runs box that appears.

If the DwC archiving was successful, the line SUCCESS: The DwC Archive creation completed successfully! will be printed at the end of the output. The archive(s) generated will be named after the dataset titles and show up under Existing archives, with links for downloading/removing and for re-opening the log file. Remember that several files will be generated if the web service publishes several datasets:


Trouble Shooting

If you see the line ERROR: The DwC Archive creation failed!, something went wrong.

When trying to find the error, always have a look at the full log file instead of just the few last lines printed in the log output box. Either use the Show full log link or the Show link below Logs of aborted/failed runs. Start reading the log from top to bottom and find the first error (a line starting with ERROR). Once you've solved this first problem, don't pay attention to any follow-up errors, since they might be caused by the first problem. Instead, restart the transformation using the DwC link of the respective XML archive and see if the problem is gone.

Below are some typical error messages:

[Errno 13] Permission denied: 'C:\\Workspace\\bps2\\archive\\FloraExsiccataBavarica\\FloraExsiccataBavarica_DwCA_1.0.log'

Access is denied for the archiving temp directory. Use the libs test page (section Status of writable directories and files) to make sure Python has full write privileges to this folder.

ERROR 05-07 17:06:47,374 - Error trying to remove old status file: [Error 5] Access denied: u'C:\\Workspace\\bps2\\archive\\FloraExsiccataBavarica\\duplicate.txt'
ERROR 05-07 17:06:52,372 - ERROR: The DwC Archive creation failed!

Same problem as above, status file duplicate.txt cannot be removed.

INFO  05-07 16:41:14,386 - Starting the transformation engine
INFO  05-07 16:41:14,386 - Java heap space used is 6144M, sort size is 100000
ERROR 05-07 16:41:14,388 - Java process could not be started: [Error 2] Das System kann die angegebene Datei nicht finden
ERROR 05-07 16:41:14,389 - Check the Test libs page to make sure Java is properly installed and configured.
ERROR 05-07 16:41:19,384 - ERROR: The DwC Archive creation failed!

Well - what it reads.

INFO  05-07 16:43:42,892 - Starting the transformation engine
INFO  05-07 16:43:42,892 - Java heap space used is 1,024M, sort size is 100000
Error: Could not create the Java Virtual Machine.
Error: A fatal exception has occurred. Program will exit.
Invalid maximum heap size: -Xmx1,024m
INFO  05-07 16:43:42,908 - Transformation ended with return code 1
ERROR 05-07 16:43:47,891 - ERROR: The DwC Archive creation failed!

Please do not use thousands separators or any unit (MB, GB) for the maximum heap space, just a number: 1024.

INFO  05-07 16:50:45,359 - Transformation - Loading transformation from XML file [file:///C:/Workspace/bps2/lib/biocase/archive/abcd2.ktr]
INFO  05-07 16:50:45,610 - DwC Conversion - Dispatching started for transformation [DwC Conversion]
INFO  05-07 16:50:45,668 - DwC Conversion - This transformation can be replayed with replay date: 2012/07/05 16:50:45
INFO  05-07 16:50:45,710 - Get file names - Finished processing (I=0, O=0, R=47, W=47, U=0, E=0)
INFO  05-07 16:50:45,718 - Get parameters - Finished processing (I=0, O=0, R=47, W=329, U=0, E=0)
ERROR 05-07 16:50:55,904 - Sort meta - UnexpectedError: 
ERROR 05-07 16:51:16,093 - Sort meta - java.lang.OutOfMemoryError: GC overhead limit exceeded

Not enough memory. Go to the System Administration page and increase the memory limit (minimum is 512) or reduce the number of rows kept in memory during sorting.

INFO  05-07 16:57:08,435 - Sort occurrences - Finished processing (I=0, O=0, R=2179, W=2179, U=0, E=0)
ERROR 05-07 16:57:08,438 - Abort - Row nr 1 causing abort : [General], [response.1.xml], [file:///C:/Workspace/bps2/archive/FloraExsiccataBavarica/tmp/response.1.xml], [DwC Archive creation], [Unzip file], [null], [2012/07/05 16:57:04.129], [100000], [C:\Workspace\bps2\archive\FloraExsiccataBavarica], [RBG], [Flora exsiccata Bavarica], [1591], [Preserved Specimen], [], [], [], [520], [], [], [], [Germany], [DE], [Puchheim westlich von München; Hausmullschutt auf Moorboden], [], [], [20.08.1915], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [], [Flora exsiccata Bavarica], [C:\Workspace\bps2\archive\FloraExsiccataBavarica/tmp/Flora_exsiccata_Bavarica occurrence], [], [C:\Workspace\bps2\archive\FloraExsiccataBavarica/duplicate]
ERROR 05-07 16:57:08,438 - Abort - Duplicate catalog number found.
INFO  05-07 16:57:09,762 - Kitchen - Processing ended after 5 seconds.
INFO  05-07 16:57:09,813 - Transformation ended with return code 1
ERROR 05-07 16:57:09,815 - ERROR: The DwC Archive creation failed!
ERROR 05-07 16:57:09,817 - ERROR: Duplicate catalog number "1591" found in the dataset. Please eliminate it, recreate the XML archive and retry.

The ABCD archive contained a duplicate catalog number "1591", which would make the DwC archive invalid. Eliminate that from the database, recreate the XML archive and restart the transformation.

INFO  05-07 16:37:01,677 - Removing old files from download folder
ERROR 05-07 16:37:01,679 - [Error 5] Access denied: u'C:\\Workspace\\bps2\\www\\downloads\\EDIT_ATBI\\EDIT_-_ATBI_in_Borjomi_Kharagauli_Georgia.dwca.zip'
ERROR 05-07 16:37:01,680 - ERROR: The DwC Archive creation failed!

Access is denied for the download folder. Use the libs test page (section Status of writable directories and files) to make sure Python has full write privileges to this folder.

INFO  05-07 17:55:22,793 - DwC Archive creation - Starting entry [Unzip file]
ERROR 05-07 17:57:03,253 - Unzip file - Error trying to process zipped entry [zip:file:///C:/Workspace/bps2/www/downloads/natureinfo/natureinfo_ABCD_2.06.zip!/response.142.xml] from file [file:///C:/Workspace/bps2/www/downloads/natureinfo/natureinfo_ABCD_2.06.zip] !
ERROR 05-07 17:57:03,253 - Unzip file - java.io.IOException: Not enough space on volume.

During the transformation, the XML archive will be unpacked temporarily. This requires some disk space, which wasn't available in this case.

Automating Archiving